December 7, 2012

K. Schonhammer

Various sophisticated approximation methods exist for the description of quantum many-body systems. It was realized early on that the theoretical description can simplify considerably in one-dimensional systems and various exact solutions exist. The focus in this introductory paper is on fermionic systems and the emergence of the Luttinger liquid concept.

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April 14, 2005

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Igor A. Zaliznyak

The concept of a Luttinger liquid has recently been established as a fundamental paradigm vital to our understanding of the properties of one-dimensional quantum systems, leading to a number of theoretical breakthroughs. Now theoretical predictions have been put to test by the comprehensive experimental study.

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September 29, 1995

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Johannes Voit

I attempt to give a pedagogical overview of the progress which has occurred during the past decade in the description of one-dimensional correlated fermions. Fermi liquid theory based on a quasi-particle picture, breaks down in one dimension because of the Peierls divergence and because of charge-spin separation. It is replaced by a Luttinger liquid whose elementary excitations are collective charge and spin modes, based on the exactly solvable Luttinger model. I review this ...

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May 2, 2003

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K. Schonhammer

This chapter reviews the theoretical description of interacting fermions in one dimension. The Luttinger liquid concept is elucidated using the Tomonaga-Luttinger model as well as integrable lattice models. Weakly coupled chains and attempts to experimentally verify the theoretical predictions are discussed.

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October 6, 2011

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Adilet Imambekov, Thomas L. Schmidt, Leonid I. Glazman

For many years, the Luttinger liquid theory has served as a useful paradigm for the description of one-dimensional (1D) quantum fluids in the limit of low energies. This theory is based on a linearization of the dispersion relation of the particles constituting the fluid. We review the recent progress in understanding 1D quantum fluids beyond the low-energy limit, where the nonlinearity of the dispersion relation becomes essential. The novel methods which have been developed ...

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December 26, 1997

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Yupeng Wang

We show that the one-dimensional (1D) electron systems can also be described by Landau's phenomenological Fermi-liquid theory. Most of the known results derived from the Luttinger-liquid theory can be retrieved from the 1D Fermi-liquid theory. Exact correspondence between the Landau parameters and Haldane parameters is established. The exponents of the dynamical correlation functions and the impurity problem are also discussed based on the finite size corrections of element...

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August 5, 2000

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Giovanni Gallavotti

The Luttinger model was introduced to illustrate the theory of Tomonaga via an exactly soluble model. It became soon the subject of great interest also on the part of Mathematical Physics and a key to the investigations of the mathematical properties of Condensed Matter Physics. This paper reviews aspects of the above developments relevant for renormalization group methods.

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January 27, 2011

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M. A. Cazalilla, R. Citro, T. Giamarchi, ... , Rigol M.

We review the physics of one-dimensional interacting bosonic systems. Beginning with results from exactly solvable models and computational approaches, we introduce the concept of bosonic Tomonaga-Luttinger Liquids relevant for one-dimension, and compare it with Bose-Einstein condensates existing in dimensions higher than one. We discuss the effects of various perturbations on the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid state as well as extensions to multicomponent and out of equilibrium s...

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June 1, 2005

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Dmitrii L. Maslov

Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Non-Fermi-liquid features of Fermi liquids: 1D physics in higher dimensions 3. Dzyaloshinskii-Larkin solution of the Tomonaga-Luttinger model 4. Renormalization group for interacting fermions 5. Single impurity in a 1D system: scattering theory for interacting electrons 6. Bosonization solution 7. Transport in quantum wires 7.1 Conductivity and conductance 7.2 Dissipation in a contactless measurement 7.3 Conductance of a wire attached to...

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June 29, 2008

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Adilet Imambekov, Leonid I. Glazman

One-dimensional quantum fluids are conventionally described by using an effective hydrodynamic approach known as Luttinger liquid theory. As the principal simplification, a generic spectrum of the constituent particles is replaced by a linear one, which leads to a linear hydrodynamic theory. We show that to describe the measurable dynamic response functions one needs to take into account the nonlinearity of the generic spectrum and thus of the resulting quantum hydrodynamic t...

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February 3, 1993

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H. J. Schulz

Lecture notes from the Jerusalem Winter School on Theoretical Physics "Correlated Electron Systems", Dec. 1991 -- Jan. 1992. Contains a review of recent and not so recent results in the theory of correlated fermions in one dimension.

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